Original source: www.angelfire.com/de/askim/Gudensbe.html (05/09/2002)
The city Gudensberg is located about 20 km southwest of Kassel in the northern part of the state Hesse (Hessen). The area is characterized by its basalt mounts, argicultural land and mixed forests.
The oldest known record in which Gudensberg is mentioned is from the year 1121 and it reports about Giso IVth, "Count of Udenesberc". The name Udenesberc comes from the name Wotansberg (the holy mountain of Wotan) and indicates that the highest germanic god Wotan (Odin, Thor) was worshipped on the central mountain in the distant past.
During the middle ages a castle was built on the top of the mountain in which the count of the region of Hesse resided. After the decision to make Kassel the place of residency of the count in 1247, Gudensberg still remained residence of the highest court of the region of Hesse.
The history of the city tells of suffering and destruction but also of prosperity and happiness. In 1387 it was destroyed by troups from Mainz, in 1587 it burned down, in 1640 it was devastated by the Croatians, yet, the city was built up again every time and led to new prosperity.